Bacha Khan: Fatwa of treason, 39 years imprisonment and deportation
Exactly 73 years ago today, on June 15, 1948, there was scorching heat. Most farmers in the southern districts of the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa) (Bannu, Dera Ismail Khan, etc.) had completed the harvesting of wheat and gram.
His eyes were now fixed on the path from which the founder of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, known as Bacha Khan, was to enter his territory.
It was Bacha Khan’s custom to visit the southern districts of NWFP in the months of June and July every year and meet the workers of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement and convey his political message to them. Khan was waiting.
But the hopes of these workers, who were waiting to meet their leader, were dashed when they received the news that Bacha Khan and his associates had been detained in Ahmadi Banda, Kohat. The workers were also told that they had been arrested. The next day, he was sentenced to three years in prison for failing to issue a certificate of good conduct and was transferred to a Punjab jail.
Awami National Party Secretary General Mian Iftikhar Hussain says that if Bacha Khan was arrested in Kohat, no crime could be proved against him, while there is no concrete evidence of the allegations under which the government had made his arrest. was not.
According to Mian Iftikhar, as the court could not convict the accused on the basis of an official statement under the law, the then government resorted to the Frontier Crimes Regulations (FCR), which is currently in force in the tribal areas, and made arrests. The next day, after a brief hearing, he was sentenced to three years in prison.
Mian Iftikhar says that a few days later the sentence was increased from three years to five years.
Regarding this imprisonment, I had heard from Wali Khan himself that this sentence was five years, five months and five days and not only that, even after the completion of the sentence, Bacha Khan was kept in Rawalpindi Rest House for some more time. Done. ‘
Mian Iftikhar says it was an act in which he was arrested first and the alleged crime was later fabricated. There were many human rights violations that Bacha Khan endured but for a moment his philosophy of non-violence. He did not let go of his hand nor did he allow his followers to do so.
Ordinance banning the Servants of God movement
The issue did not stop with the arrest or punishment of Bacha Khan on June 15. Wali Khan writes in his book ‘Khudai Khidmatgar Tehreek’ that on July 4 of the following month, the government issued an ordinance declaring the Khudai Khidmatgar movement illegal and banning the publication of a magazine called ‘Pakhtun’. Imposed.
He writes that the leaders of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement and those who opposed the government on the political front were declared ‘traitors of Pakistan, Islam and the nation’ while the ordinance was issued to legitimize these actions. It also barred those arrested or detained for such serious crimes from presenting their case to a court of law, while the government had the right to confiscate the movable and immovable property of such persons. Had got
The bloody incident of Babra
The arrest of Bacha Khan and the detention of activists and leaders of the Khudai Khidmatgar movement provoked a strong reaction.
Bacha Khan’s brother Dr. Khan Sahib announced to hold a protest rally in Babara area against these actions but he was arrested. Despite Dr. Khan Sahib’s arrest, thousands of people gathered in Babara on time Happened According to the government at the time, security forces dispersed the crowd and about two dozen people were killed in the shootings, while the number of casualties on that day, according to God’s servants, was close to 600. Was
After the incident, NWFP Chief Minister Khan Abdul Qayyum Khan said in a speech at Chowk Yadgar Peshawar that he had “taught a lesson to God’s servants in Babra that they will remember for a lifetime.”
“I had enforced section 144 in Babra. When the people did not disperse, they were fired upon. He was lucky that the police ran out of weapons, otherwise not a single man would have survived. This is not a British government but a Muslim League government and the name of this government is Qayyum Khan. God’s servants are traitors to the country. I will erase their names and symbols. ‘
Suicide of God’s servant Abdul Ghaffar.
Despite all this, Bacha Khan maintained the knowledge of non-violence.
Wali Khan writes in his book that the servants of God faced double difficulties, they were Pakhtuns, revenge was part of their nature and getting arms in NWFP was not a problem.
He writes that the only problem was that if they had resorted to violence, they would have violated the non-violence philosophy of their leader Bacha Khan, but on the other hand, their disrespect was also provoking them.
One such servant was Abdul Ghaffar of Karak Tehsil, Kohat. It is written about him that he was stripped naked and taken to the bazaars along with other workers so that he would not take the name of Khidmatgar movement again.
Wali Khan writes in his book that when he came back from prison, he was waiting for the letter from Abdul Ghaffar of Karak which he had sent to Bacha Khan as an apology before his suicide.
Abdul Ghaffar wrote, “I promised you that I would stick to non-violence and I would not give up this philosophy no matter what.” During this time I was flogged, property was confiscated but Qayyum Khan’s party workers come to our houses with the police and defame us.
“I also wanted to kill everyone, including Qayyum Khan, but your philosophy of non-violence stands in my way. That is why I apologize to Allah when suicide is forbidden and when I run out of patience with you, because now it is not tolerated.
Abdul Ghaffar, a servant of God, shot himself after writing this letter.
Fatwa of treason, 39 years imprisonment and deportation
If it is said that before the partition of the subcontinent and after the formation of Pakistan, Bacha Khan’s name is at the top of the list of leaders in the region who have received the most treasonous fatwas, deported and jailed for long periods of time. Don’t go
Dr. Sohail Khan, author of several books, including History of Charsadda, writes in his essay on Bacha Khan’s long imprisonment that Bacha Khan was first arrested by the British in April 1919 for protesting against the Revolt Act, the second in December 1919. He was arrested while preparing for his second marriage.
He writes that he was arrested for the third time in December 1921 while constructing a football ground for children at an independent school in Atmanzai. The fourth time he was arrested at Nahaqi. He was arrested on his way to Peshawar for a rally in April 1930, the fifth time in December 1931. He was arrested for the seventh time when the Congress Working Committee announced the Quit India Movement.