How did Tang Dynasty of China dominate East and Central Asia?

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How did Tang Dynasty of China dominate East and Central Asia?

How did Tang Dynasty of China dominate East and Central Asia?

It’s the start of the seventh century the Sui dynasty disintegrated under a series of popular uprisings culminating in the assassination of Emperor yang by his ministers in 618 the dynasty which lasted only 37 years was undermined by ambitious Wars and construction projects which over stretched its resources a period of remarkable cultural political and social ascension from the Chinese history followed with tang dynasty between 618 and 907 starting with Emperor Gaozu followed by Emperor

Taizong crowned in 626 being considered one of the greatest rulers a wise man and a good military strategist a man open to advise the Li family founded the dynasty seizing power during the decline in collapse of the Sui Empire the Tang Empire was one of the most durable empires from this region in this period the development of production led to the growth of Chinese economy the work of the peasants the production of goods and the stability made the base for the Tang feudal economy among agriculture and other forms of production

the commerce developed to the Grand Canal United the great rivers of China and was crossed by many vessels transporting skinned cattle silk paper ceramics and other important goods also external commerce developed exotic products like cotton crystals spices from India Indonesia Korea Japan and other places entered the Chinese markets hundreds of caravans traveled on old and new trade roads to Manchuria India and even in the west through the Caspian Sea in Persia with other kingdoms and empires relations existed

so it seems diplomacy was very important to them with Arab caliphs it’s was an intense commerce through land and water the huge focus on trade led to the development of ports and fleets Chinese were masters in shipbuilding large vessels went south and west through the Indian Ocean in the ninth century the Chinese discovered gunpowder a combination of sulfur and carbon the existence of the Silk Road determined among other factors the growth of population through migration many people migrated to China from exterior

but migration existed in interior to especially in the city of Chang on one of the most prosperous cities at that time this intersection of two different worlds was a powerful link between incredible civilizations and cultures it’s called the Silk Road after the silk produced in China a quality product very appreciated in the Greco-Roman world this road linked China with Central Asia Middle East’s Europe and North Africa

it’s important to mention that the development of this trade network was favored by the Royal Road of the Persian Empire and by the conquests of Alexander to a few centuries before aware of the fact that ruling over a large part of this network will bring more and more cash flow necessary to their state tang emperors were looking to make campaigns and to conquer territories important zones in Central Asia inevitable the Silk Road brought remarkable resources other influence and religions entered

the Tang Dynasty is LOM Christianity or Buddhism under the influence of these beliefs Chinese culture had been enriched due to the translations of Buddhist scripts the Chinese learned more about medicine geography mathematics and others in this period religious practices were at its peak the Emperor of Taizong of Tang

who ruled between 626 and 649 was a very powerful and determined leader open to his people of confusion Astapor tomorrow the people focusing on smart spending instead of putting the economic weight on the people’s shoulders he believed that an emperor is not above the people but more likely a responsible ruler and for stability peace and prosperity the people must be happy and not stressed under a harsh rule people are like water and the ruler is like a boat the boat may float easily or can be submerged by water

it seems that Tai zong was a rationalist embracing science and logic believing that the true danger from a nation comes from the interior academies were founded and this has led to attracting more students from the empire and beyond the accent was put on art architecture Buddhism or Confucianism and many remained in the Empire after their studies talented and professional people were put in high positions in administration’s it’s the Golden Age of poetry some of the greatest Chinese poets lived in this period li Bai called a God of poetry

another one du feu was called a saint of poetry tang artisans developed the art of porcelain finishing and many figures were created porcelain becoming a Chinese brand largely known even today a period of progress and stability was created mainly due to the good leadership of rulers and the progress of economy and trade speaking about local development large sales of books and pictures and maps existed important military strategies interrupted the threats of nomadic tribes

especially in the north and northwest of tang and also this created the situation for the tang armies to march forward extend their borders and create protectorates while the turks were settled in the former territory of this young new the Tang government took on the military policy of dominating the central steppe the Tang Dynasty conquered and subdued Central Asia during the six 40s and six 50s during Emperor Taizong reign alone large campaigns were launched against not only the guck turks

but also separate campaigns against the two you hung the Oasis city-states and the others also other campaigns were launched by other rulers against the Western Turks and steppe people victories in the Tarim basin have maintained the Silk Road open one of the greatest generals of this dynasty was Li Zheng he defeated the guck Turks and consolidated the rule of Tang in Central Asia li Zheng was the commander of the armies having other generals and more than a hundred thousand under his command in 630 Li Zheng defeated

the Guus Turks who were led by jolly Khan with just 3,000 cavalry soldiers in a surprise attack the Turks were defeated and their armies fled this allowed the tang empire to subjugate the Turks and reduce them to the status of a vassal this defeat determined the con of the gun Turks to prepare for another invasion against tank China in the next year Legion created again a surprise attack capturing a large part of their forces also they created military bases from Korea to Central Asia Silla

one of the three kingdoms of korea allied with tang and wars against baekje and goguryo uniting the korean peninsula under one ruler for more than a century Tang Dynasty held an important part of Central Asia their expansion and West’s reached its peak in the middle of the 8th century more exactly in the year 751 after the Battle of Talas between tang empire and the abbasid caliphate on today’s territory of Kazakhstan before the Battle of 751 there were other encounters in the past between the Chinese and the Arabs the military might of China had been projected beyond

the harsh continental climate in the dry desolate difficult terrain even if after previous smaller incursions between these two civilizations Tang China maintained its administrative and military power in the region in July 751 the Tang army was subjugated to a devastating defeat Tang dynasty’s defeat was due to the defection of Karluk mercenaries and the retreat of Fergana allies who originally supported the Chinese the Karluk mercenaries two-thirds of the Tang army defected to the Ambassador Abadan Karluk troops attacked the tang army from close quarters

while the main a Basset forces attacked from the front the tank troops were unable to hold their positions and the commander of the tank forces gaussians II recognized that defeat the Arabs Turks and Tibetans defeated the Chinese and this could be interpreted as their turnover and then declined after four years of this Battle of Central Asia general Aleutian organized the rebellion in the province he governed hope a Chinese commanders managed to suppress the rebellion after this the Tang

Empire wasn’t the same the control in the West was lost and the stability they once had never came again the dynasty entered a period of slow military political and economic decline the Commerce decreased the production to the country was robbed and the rebellions increased more and more the poor management after the end of the eighth century created instability and rebellions as well as economic problems after 907 the tang empire broke apart in many pieces and the territory was ruled by other new established smaller states china unified fifty years later but this is a story for another time

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